- 1Summary Of The Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire is a Turkish-Islamic state, which existed between the years of 1299-1923. It has expanded its territory among Eastern Europe, Southwest Asia and North Africa and has become the most powerful empire in the world in 16. Century. Osman Gazi is the founder of the state and the ancestor of the Ottoman dynasty. the emergence of the Ottoman Empire as an independent On the stage of history according to widespread adoption is in 1289. It has destoryed the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire. At the height of its power the Ottoman Empire has spread to three continents in the 16. And 17. Centuries and has held a large part of Southeastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. From time to time the Ottoman Empire has been involved in overseas territories. There has been short-term territorial gains in the Atlantic Ocean. Lanzarote (1585), Madeira (1617), Vestmannaeyjar (1627) and Lundy(1655) can be shown as an example for this situation. For 600 centuries, the Ottoman Empire has seen act as a bridge between the Eastern world and the western world. The peoples of the territories under its domination has against the Ottoman power from time to time. In general religion, language and racial bias has been avoid and for this reason for many centuries it has managed to under the domination of many states and the nations. In line with the obligations of Ottoman Empire old Turkish traditions and Islamic Culture, it is committed to a system of government with these obligations.
BRIEF INFORMATION ABOUT OTTOMAN EMPIRE
THE FIRST OTTOMAN SULTAN
Osman Ghazi is the first Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
THE OLDEST SULTAN AT THE THRONE
TAHTA GEÇEN EN YAŞLI SULTAN
Sultan V. Mehmet Reşat passed the throne at the age of 65.
THE FIRST IMPORTANT ART TO BE PUBLISHED IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Translated by Vankulu Lugat-ı Sıhah.(1727)
THE FIRST MEVLID-I-SHARIF
In 1409, Süleyman çelebi wrote the first Eid-al in the name Vesilet-un Necat
THE FIRST HUMOR MAGAZINE OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Diogenes was published in 1869.
THE FIRST TURKISH NEWSPAPER
The first publication in the Takvim-i Vekayi began in 1831.
THE FIRST GOLD COINS IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
It was suppressed by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1478
FIRST Shaykh al-Islam
1425, Mullah Fenari
THE FIRST SIEGE OF ISTANBUL BY THE OTTOMANS
Year of 1391.
THE FIRST SEA VOYAGES IN ISTANBUL
Began in 1850.
THE FIRST TRAM IN ISTANBUL
It was established in 1872.
THE FIRST OTTOMAN CONSTITUTIONAL
In 1876 Kanun-î Esasi